Achilles Tendon Injuries
Injuries to the Achilles tendon - the tendon joining your calf muscle to your heel - can range from swelling and pain (tendinitis) to a full rupture or tear of the tendon. It is recommended to see a doctor to determine the severity of the injury and determine appropriate treatment.
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The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body and is also the most frequently ruptured. The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscle to the back of the heel. An Achilles tendon injury can range from a mild strain or inflammation, called tendinitis, to a full-thickness tear. These injuries can happen to professional athletes, "weekend warriors" or laborers whose work puts a lot of stress on their legs and feet. Achilles tendon injuries are more likely to occur in men over age 30.
Achilles tendon injuries may be caused by:
- Overuse or stepping up your exercise routine too quickly
- Failure to warm up and loosen muscles before use
- Abrupt movement of the leg or foot
- Foot problems that stretch the tendons, such as flat feet
- Stress on the tendon from wearing shoes with high heels