AphasiaAphasia affects the language and communication parts of your brain. Often caused by damage from a head injury or stroke, aphasia limits a person's ability to express themselves verbally, understand language, reading and writing.
Aphasia is a neurologic condition caused by impairment to the parts of the brain that are responsible for language. The disorder can affect a person’s ability to express himself or herself verbally, and make it difficult to understand language, reading and writing.
Aphasia is a symptom of brain damage. It is most frequently seen in adults who have suffered a stroke. Aphasia can also develop from a brain tumor, head injury, an infection or advanced dementia.
Aphasia can be further described with several terms:
- Expressive aphasia is when one has trouble conveying thoughts through speech or writing.
- Receptive aphasia is when one has difficulty comprehending spoken or written language.
- Anomic aphasia, the least severe form of aphasia, is when one has trouble using the correct names for particular objects, people, places or events.
- Global aphasia, the most severe form, involves the inability to speak or understand speech, as well as read or write.
The main treatment for aphasia is speech and language therapy. A patient will have to relearn his or her language skills and find new ways to communicate.