Aphasia is a neurologic condition caused by impairment to the parts of the brain that are responsible for language. The disorder can affect a person’s ability to express himself or herself verbally, and make it difficult to understand language, reading and writing.
Aphasia is a symptom of brain damage. It is most frequently seen in adults who have suffered a stroke. Aphasia can also develop from a brain tumor, head injury, an infection or advanced dementia.
Aphasia can be further described with several terms:
The main treatment for aphasia is speech and language therapy. A patient will have to relearn his or her language skills and find new ways to communicate.