Asperger's Syndrome, also called Asperger’s disorder, is one of the childhood developmental conditions that are known as pervasive developmental disorders. These conditions involve developmental delays in a variety of basic skills, particularly the ability to communicate and socialize with others.
An Austrian doctor, Hans Asperger, initially described Asperger’s in 1944. It wasn’t until the 1980s, however, that the syndrome was determined to be caused by a problem in the functioning of the brain. Recently, experts decided that it is better to refer to people with Asperger’s as having high-functioning autism spectrum disorder, although the term Asperger’s is still commonly used.
Even though extensive research has been done on Asperger’s, the cause of this condition is still unknown. The disorder can sometimes run in a family, which suggests a genetic factor, but a definite link has not been found.