Search our physician directory for help finding a cardiologist who is right for you.
A doctor will take a detailed medical history and, with a stethoscope, listen for fluid buildup in the lungs and heart. Blood tests will be conducted to check for kidney function. An X-ray will show whether the heart is enlarged and whether fluid has accumulated around it. An electrocardiogram can identify heart rhythm issues, and an echocardiogram can determine which chamber is causing the problem. Another test, called ejection fraction, measures how much blood is being pumped from the chambers, and helps classify the type of heart failure.
Bypass surgery can help if blocked arteries are leading to heart failure, and heart valve replacement may also correct another leading cause. In extreme cases, patients will receive a heart transplant.