Eczema is a non-contagious, chronic skin disorder most common in infants and young children. It can appear as small bumps or blisters or as dry, scaly skin. There is no cure, however, treatments can reduce symptoms and help prevent outbreaks.
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Eczema is a broad term for an assortment of disorders that make the skin itchy, inflamed, dry and irritated. Eczema is most frequently used to refer specifically to atopic dermatitis, a chronic condition of the skin barrier. Eczema is more common in children but can develop happen at any age. It tends to flares up and then goes away.
The precise cause of eczema is still unknown. It often runs in families and usually is seen more occurs in people with a history of asthma, hay fever and other allergies. A genetic cause is suspected.
Eczema tends to become worse when the person is exposed to specific substances and circumstances, which are called triggers. These triggers can include certain soaps, perfumes, fabrics, chemicals, allergens, changes in temperature and humidity, sweat and emotional stress. There are variety of ways to reduce exposure to known triggers, as well as self-help treatments that can help.