What is Bone Cancer?
Bone cancer is a rare form of cancer that begins in your bones and can spread to other parts of the body. There are three main types of bone cancer – Osteosarcoma, Ewing’s Sarcoma and Chondrosarcoma.
Diagnosing bone cancer
A key symptom of bone cancer is bone pain during simple activities such as walking or picking something up. Your physician may choose to investigate symptoms further through a bone scan, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), CT scan (computed tomography), X-ray or PET scan (positron emission tomography).
If a tumor is detected, your physician will conduct a biopsy to determine if the tumor is cancerous. Not all bone tumors are cancerous. If cancer is detected, you may be referred to a specialist for staging to determine more information about the cancer and if it has spread beyond the tumor. This staging will help the doctors decide what bone cancer treatment options are best.
Bone cancer treatment
Radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery are common treatment routes for bone cancer. In rare cases, when the tumor is large enough, amputation of the limb may be required.