Lung Cancer Screening
Annual lung cancer screenings can find cancer in its earliest stage, when up to 90 percent can be cured. Franciscan Health provides early detection screening to help increase the chance of surviving from lung cancer.
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Lung Cancer Screening
Lung Cancer Screening: A Simple Test That Can Save Your Life
Lung cancer is the deadliest type of cancer for both men and women. Each year, more people die of lung cancer than of breast, colon, and prostate cancers combined. The major cause of lung cancer is cigarette smoking - responsible for over 85% of all lung cancers diagnosed in the United States. Other contributing factors include environmental and occupational exposure to tobacco smoke and certain substances (asbestos, silica, radon), lung diseases, family history and poor diet.
Early detection is the key to beating lung cancer
Without early detection lung cancer screening, more than 95 percent of lung cancer patients die within a few years of diagnosis. Most lung cancers are first diagnosed based on symptoms Which unfortunately don’t occur until the disease is in the latter stage and treatment options are limited.
Symptoms of lung cancer are not very specific and generally reflect damage to the lungs’ ability to function. The most common symptoms of lung cancer are:
- Persistent, worsening cough that will not go away
- Spitting up small amounts of blood
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Changes in the voice or being hoarse
- Recurrent pneumonia or bronchitis
- Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite
Lung cancer screening at Franciscan Health
Based on findings released in the 2010 National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), Franciscan Health was the first in Indiana and one of the first in the nation to offer a lung CT screening program for the early detection of lung cancer. The lung screening is safe, simple, non-invasive and results in a minimal amount of radiation exposure. Since smoking also increases the risk of heart disease, a heart scan is included for free.
Who should have lung cancer screening?
The screening is recommended for men and women who meet the below criteria. The criteria on this page is offered as general information, to help you determine if you may be a candidate for a lung screen. Criteria at each location will vary. Please call if you would like to schedule a lung screen, or if you are not sure if you meet the criteria, and a staff member can help guide you.
Ages: Men and Women 55-80
Must meet the following criteria:
- Current smoker or have quit smoking within the last 15 years
- Averaged smoking one pack/day for 30 years, two packs/day for 15 years or 3 packs/day for 10 years, etc.
- No signs or symptoms of lung cancer
Ages: Men and Women 50+
Current smoker, or have averaged smoking one pack of cigarettes a day for 20 years and have one additional risk factor, such as:
- Cancer history - Cancers with an increased risk of developing new primary lung cancer include survivors of lung cancer, lymphomas, cancer of the head and neck and smoking-related cancers.
- Lung disease history - such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or pulmonary fibrosis.
- Family history of lung cancer
- Radon exposure
- Occupational exposure - such as carcinogens targeting the lungs including silica, cadmium, asbestos, arsenic, beryllium, chromium (VI), diesel fumes and nickel.
An innovative technology called Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy (ENB) can diagnose lung cancers earlier. This GPS-like technology navigates far into the lungs to sample suspicious lung lesions and lymph nodes without invasive surgery.
Pleuroscopy, also called thoracoscopy, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to biopsy the pleural space, around the lungs.
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to diagnose and treat problems in your chest.