A More Masculine Chest with Male Breast Reduction
A condition of over-developed or enlarged breast is common in men at any age, gynecomastia can be the result of heredity conditions, hormonal change, disease (such as a tumor), or the use of certain drugs. Male breast reduction surgery reduces the breasts and enhances chest contours, generally to relieve discomfort and improve self-confidence. Excess breast tissue, skin and fat are removed to decrease the size of the breast. In severe cases, the weight of excess tissue may cause the breasts to sag and stretch the areola so the areola is made smaller and repositioned.
Between 40 and 60 percent of all men have gynecomastia, a medical condition characterized by excess male breast tissue. Commonly referred to as “man boobs,” gynecomastia can cause both psychological and physical discomfort. Many men with oversized breasts report feeling embarrassed and avoid situations that involve taking their shirts off in public. Rashes and skin irritation are also common among men with gynecomastia.
The board-certified plastic surgeons at Franciscan Health have helped hundreds of men achieve a more classically masculine chest with male breast reduction. The surgical procedure removes excess breast tissue and tightens the skin for a firmer and more toned appearance. Following male breast reduction surgery, patients often report physical relief as well as a boost in self-confidence when exercising.
Gynecomastia is a result of hormonal fluctuations, which can be triggered by genetics, puberty or older age, obesity and the use of certain prescription and recreational drugs like anabolic steroids and marijuana. Research also shows that certain diseases, including some forms of cancer, are linked to gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia can be characterized by one or more of the following:
- Excess fat in the chest area
- Excess glandular tissue
- Loose breast skin
- Oversized areolas
Male Breast Reduction Surgery Procedure Details
Male breast reduction is performed on an outpatient basis, under general anesthesia. The procedure is tailored to the patient’s anatomical needs and cosmetic goals. Male breast reduction can involve:
- Removing excess fat via liposuction - There are several liposuction techniques available, each designed to remove excess glandular fat to flatten the chest.
- Removing excess glandular tissue - If liposuction is not able to remove all or some of the excess glandular tissue, the surgeon must excise it. During the procedure, the surgeon will create a small incision around the outer edge of the areola to remove the remaining tissue.
- Removing excess skin - Loose, sagging skin that no longer contracts well over the chest is removed while the remaining skin is tightened for a smoother and firmer appearance.
- Resizing the nipples/areolas - For excessively large nipples/areolas, the surgeon can create an incision around the outer border of the areola to remove excess skin and reduce its size.
Male Breast Plastic Surgery Recovery
Following surgery, the patient will rest in a recovery room while the effects of the anesthesia wear off. Once the medical staff gives the green light, the patient will be released into the care of an adult so they can return home to rest. Patients can expect to take one week off from their regular routine, including work and exercise.
Minor discomfort in the form of breast tenderness and soreness are normal following surgery. These side effects can be alleviated with prescription pain medicine. Patients will need to wear a compression garment over the chest area to minimize swelling and support the healing tissues. They will also need to attend several follow-up appointments so that the plastic surgeon can monitor their healing progress.
The results of male breast reduction surgery should be visible within the first three months of surgery. Patients are advised to follow a healthy lifestyle (e.g., eating a balanced diet, exercising and maintaining a stable weight) in order to prolong their results.