If you have trouble sleeping or if you wake up still feeling tired, you might need to be tested for a sleep disorder. Franciscan Healths sleep disorders programs can help you get to sleep the kind that is restful, therapeutic and necessary for good overall health.
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Are Sleep Disorders Robbing You of a Good Night’s Rest?
More than 80 sleep disorders can disturb sleep, reducing quality of life and impairing health. Some sleep problems, if left untreated, can be life-threatening. If you are experiencing disturbances in your sleep pattern, are excessively sleepy during the day, are unable to sleep at night or have symptoms of other sleep-related disorders, you should be evaluated by a physician.
Sleep disorder symptoms
- Difficulty or fear of falling asleep
- Morning headaches
- Sweating excessively during the night
- Excessive and repeated daytime drowsiness
- Waking up with heartburn or sore throat
- Night terrors, sleep walking
- Falling asleep when you shouldn’t, such as while working or driving
- Pauses in breathing or gasping, usually witnessed by a bed partner
- Strange crawling sensation in the legs or arms usually alleviated by movement
Sleep medicine services
Franciscan Health sleep clinics offer a team of doctors and nurses across multiple specialties including cardiology, pulmonology and neurology. Our physicians and clinical staff are highly trained in the science of sleep and are ready to diagnose and treat your sleep disorder. We can help you return to a pattern of restful, restorative sleep. Additionally, our physicians are either Sleep Fellowship trained and/or board certified in Sleep Medicine.
The Franciscan Health Sleep Disorders program offers a variety of services and tests to evaluate your sleep problems. These include:
A home sleep test, or unattended sleep study, can help diagnose obstructive sleep apnea. You will be educated prior to doing the test, which involves placing sensors on your body and sleeping with the equipment for one or more nights.
The maintenance of wakefulness test (MWT) evaluates how alert you are during the day. It helps determine how safely one performs tasks involving personal or public safety and whether a person with a sleep disorder is responding to treatment.
The Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) is used to evaluate daytime sleepiness. A doctor may use this test to diagnose or rule out sleep disorders for patients who frequently dose off and nap throughout the day.
Lack of sleep can cause both physical and emotional problems. When a child is suffering from lack of sleep, the parent is too. Franciscan Health conducts pediatric sleep studies to get to the bottom of sleep disorders and help everyone sleep better.
Polysomnography (PSG), also known as a sleep study, is a test used to diagnose sleep disorders. Polysomnography records your brain waves, the oxygen in your blood, heart rate, breathing, and eye and leg movements during your normal sleep cycle.
Most Common Sleep Disorders
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
OSA is caused by a temporary collapse or narrowing of the airway, which prevents or limits the amount of air passing into the lungs. OSA can lead to serious health problems and increase one’s risk for, or complicate existing conditions such as stroke, hypertension, diabetes, depression and obesity.
Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD)
Some people suffer from periodic limb movement disorder or Nocturnal Myoclonus. PLMD is the repetitive cramping or jerking of the legs or arms during sleep. This can occur as often as every 30 seconds and may or may not fully wake you from sleep. Even if you are not usually woken up by the strange sensations your brain is, causing you to loose quality sleep and increase daytime sleepiness. PLMD is often linked to Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) which is characterized by a strange crawling or tingling sensation in the legs while awake with an irresistible urge to move the leg in order to relieve the symptom. 80% of people with RLS have PLMD but it’s usually not the other way around.
The inability or difficulty falling and staying asleep. Insomnia can be chronic or intermittent and may require testing in a lab.
What to Expect During a Sleep Study?
There is a lot of equipment used in a sleep study but none of it is painful. After initial sleep related questionnaires have been filled out, the sleep technician will begin explaining each piece and attaching the monitoring equipment
EEG and EMG leads will be placed on your head, face, and legs along with an EKG monitor and respiratory effort belts. We will monitor your oxygen levels throughout the night with a finger-tip pulse oximeter and nasal oral airflow sensor; and finally a snore microphone is placed on the neck to pick up any vibrations during the night.
Before “lights-out” the technician will ask you to perform a series of actions such as looking to the right and left, breathing in and out, coughing, etc. to ensure the signals are appearing correctly.
The entire study is video and audio recorded and your technician is available to help with any needs you may have throughout the night. Once the study has ended, the same questions are asked before the leads are removed to ensure the validity of the signals.
A technician will score the study and report all findings to the physician who will review the results with you and determine treatment options as necessary.