Testicular Cancer Treatment
Testicular cancer is one of the most common and curable forms of cancer in men. It is treated with a surgical procedure called an orchiectomy.
What is Testicular Cancer?
Testicular cancer is an abnormal growth of skin cells that begins in the tissue that makes up the testicles. Testicles produce sperm for reproduction and the male sex hormone testosterone. There are three types of testicular cancers:
- Germ cell tumors
- Stromal tumors
- Secondary testicular tumors
Testicular cancer is highly treatable.
Diagnosing testicular cancer
You or your doctor may discover a testicular lump by performing a physical exam or self-examination. To determine whether the lump is cancerous, your doctor may recommend a testicular ultrasound, a CT (computerized tomographic) scan or blood tests.
Treating testicular cancer
Testicular cancer – for all types and stages – is treated with surgery (orchiectomy) during which the testicle with cancer is removed. Additional treatment options are dependent on the type of testicular cancer and may include radiation therapy or chemotherapy.