Testicular cancer is one of the most common and curable forms of cancer in men. It is treated with a surgical procedure called an orchiectomy.
Testicular cancer is an abnormal growth of skin cells that begins in the tissue that makes up the testicles. Testicles produce sperm for reproduction and the male sex hormone testosterone. There are three types of testicular cancers:
Testicular cancer is highly treatable.
You or your doctor may discover a testicular lump by performing a physical exam or self-examination. To determine whether the lump is cancerous, your doctor may recommend a testicular ultrasound, a CT (computerized tomographic) scan or blood tests.
Testicular cancer – for all types and stages – is treated with surgery (orchiectomy) during which the testicle with cancer is removed. Additional treatment options are dependent on the type of testicular cancer and may include radiation therapy or chemotherapy.