Having diabetes puts you at higher risk of developing certain eye diseases, including glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema. About 90 percent of diabetes-related vision loss can be prevented, but early detection is key.
You can have problems with your eyes even if you don’t have trouble seeing. An eye healthcare provider (ophthalmologist) or specially trained optometrist will give you a dilated eye exam at least once a year. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you:
- See dark spots
- Don't see well in dim light
- Have eye pain or pressure
- Have any other problems
Follow these steps now to help preserve your vision for the future.
- Get a comprehensive dilated eye examination from your ophthalmologist at least once a year. People who have diabetes should have a dilated retinal exam every year. Remember that this is a special eye exam that is not the same as having your vision checked for glasses.
- Control your blood sugar.
- Maintain healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
- Quit smoking.
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Source: American Academy of Ophthalmology