Although many people experience depression after losing a loved one or a job, or being diagnosed with a serious illness, major depression is an ongoing and disabling disease.
Women: Feelings of sadness, worthlessness and guilt. Fewer than half of women who experience major depression seek medical care.
Men: Fatigue, irritability and anger.
Depression comes in many forms:
Major depression: The hallmark of major depression is an overwhelming feeling of sadness or a loss of interest in your usual activities. Symptoms last for at least two weeks and may impact your daily life, making going to work, school or other functions difficult.
Persistent depression: When you consistently feel low for most days over a two-year period, you may have persistent depression. The symptoms aren't as intense as major depression, and you may also have brief periods of feeling better.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: Although similar to premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is more severe. You may experience intense feelings of sadness, tension and irritability that affect daily functioning.
Seasonal affective disorder: If you experience depression in winter that gets better during spring and summer, you may have seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Characterized by social withdrawal and increased sleep, SAD is triggered by reduced exposure to sunlight.
Perinatal Anxiety and Mood Disorders: When you have symptoms of major depression during pregnancy or after delivery it's called perinatal anxiety and mood disorder (PAMD). The condition can interfere with your ability to care for yourself and your baby.
Genetic, biological and environmental factors can trigger or exacerbate symptoms of depression. Here are five common culprits of depression in women:
Depression is the leading cause of disability in the U.S. for people ages 15 to 44.
When you're depressed, you may also be struggling with…
If your mood is low, but you’re still able to carry out your normal, daily routine, try one or more of these activities that can help reduce depression symptoms:
Major depression is treatable if you seek medical care. Appropriate therapies may include medication, psychological counseling and alternative strategies including meditation, massage and exercise.
If you have persistent feelings of depression, you should make an appointment to talk with our specialists in behavioral health. They can assess your needs and help you feel like yourself again.