Home Care Advice for Tick Bites: Tips on How to Treat and Prevent
Ticks are small insect-like creatures that live in grass, bushes, wooded areas, and along seashores. They attach their bodies onto a human or animal host and prefer hairy areas, such as the scalp, behind the ear, in the armpit and groin, and also between fingers and toes. Tick bites often happen at night and occur more in the spring and summer months.
- Most tick bites are harmless.
- The spread of disease by ticks is rare.
- If the tick is still attached to the skin, it will need to be removed.
- Covering the tick with petroleum jelly, nail polish, rubbing alcohol or a soapy cotton ball doesn't work. Neither does touching the tick with a hot or cold object.
Try One of the Following Treatment Techniques:
Wood Tick Removal: Use a Tweezers
- Use a tweezers and grasp the tick close to the skin (on its head).
- Hold the tweezers parallel to the skin surface.
- Pull the wood tick straight upward without twisting or crushing it.
- Maintain a steady pressure until it releases its grip.
- If tweezers aren't available, use fingers, a loop of thread around the jaws, or a needle between the jaws for traction.
Deer Tick Removal
- Tiny deer ticks need to be scraped off with a fingernail or credit card edge.
- If the wood tick's head breaks off in the skin, remove it.
- Clean the skin with rubbing alcohol.
- Use a sterile needle to uncover the head and lift it out.
- If a small piece of the head remains, the skin will eventually shed it.
- If most of the head is left, call your doctor.
- Wash the wound and your hands with soap and water after removal to prevent catching any tick disease.
- Apply antibiotic ointment such as Polysporin to the bite once (no prescription needed).
- Tick bites normally don't itch or hurt. That's why they often go unnoticed.
Call Your Doctor If
- You can't remove the tick or the tick's head
- Fever or rash in the next 2 weeks
- Bite begins to look infected
- Your child becomes worse
Preventing Tick Bites
- When hiking in tick-infested areas, wear long clothing and tuck the ends of pants into socks. Apply an insect repellent to shoes and socks.
- Permethrin products applied to clothing are more effective than DEET products against ticks.
- Tick Repellent for Skin - DEET. DEET is an effective tick repellent. Use 30% DEET for children and adolescents (AAP recommendation 2003) (30% DEET protects for 6 hours).
- Tick Repellent for Clothing - Permethrin. Permethrin-containing products (eg, Duranon or Permanone Tick Spray) are highly effective tick repellents. An advantage over using DEET is that they are applied to and left on clothing instead of skin. Apply it to clothes, especially pants cuffs, socks and shoes. You can also put it on other outdoor items (mosquito screen, sleeping bags). Do not apply Permethrin to skin (Reason: it's rapidly degraded on contact with skin).
And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the "Call Your Doctor" symptoms.
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